top of page
  • 執筆者の写真伝統屋 暁

About the meaning, history and type of hairpin


This time, a new color has been added to the traditional Tamahagane hairpin [Toyotama]! A khaki color is added in addition to the white color for the tufts part.

The white one is named "Unohana Iro", and the khaki one is named "Aikobicha".

Click here for the product page ↓

I will take this opportunity to write about Kanzashi hairpin!

【History of Kanzashi hairpins】

The history of Kanzashi begins in the Jomon period (BC3000).

In ancient Japan, it was believed that a thin, pointed stick had a magical power.

Therefore, it seems that it played a role as a talisman by removing the devil with inserting a thin stick into the hair.

During the Nara period (710~794), various cultures were introduced from China, and wide long ground combs and two-legged combs were also introduced.

The two-legged one is a hair clip called Saishi, which was transmitted along with the Chinese character "Kanzashi (簪)".

The hairstyle has been changed to tied style since the Azuchi-Momoyama period(1568~1600), and hairpins have come to be used as beauty items.

However, the appearance of "hanging hair" without tying the hair become popular, and the hairpin is not used much.

From the middle of the Edo period(around 1700), we started bundling hair to make it easier to do housework and labor, and "ball knot" with the hair tied in a ring appeared.

The Edo period is the most glamorous in the history of female hairstyles. With the development of Japanese hair, the number of women with various hairstyles has increased, and various types of hairpins have been born and have become popular again.

【Type of Kanzashi hairpin】

・ Single shaft…… It is the most major design of Kanzashi hairpins, which is made of one shaft.

・ Two shafts …… Since the shaft is divided into two and the strength is weak, it is common to put it on bun hair. It is characterized by being hard to fall off from the hair.

【Kanzashi decoration】

Kanzashi hairpin has various decorations, ranging from simple to very gorgeous. Let me introduce them!

・ Tama Kanzashi … A hairpin with a ball decoration on a single-shaft hairpin. Glass balls called 'tonbo-dama' are used.

・Hirauchi … A hairpin with a flat decoration on the tip of the shaft. Lacquer, tortoiseshell, wood, etc. are used.

・Yuremono … The tip of the shaft is decorated with a swaying decoration. In the Edo period, "Birabira hairpins" with decorations such as butterflies and birds were the mainstream, and it seems that unmarried women used them.

・Musubi … The tip of the shaft is twisted and tied, and there is a pattern on the knot.

・Bachigata ... A fan-shaped hairpin, usually with two shafts. Many of them are openworked or lacquered, and high-class ones are made of tortoiseshell.


・Tsumami craft... It is a hairpin with the Tsumami craft, which is Japanese fabric flower-making introduced in the previous blog.

The Kanzashi hairpin may have an image of matching with a kimono, but it also suits Western clothing. It's surprisingly easy to use.

Please see here ↓How to use Kanzashi↓


We deliver you Japanese genuine skill with warmhearted crafts. We hope that we can continue to help you add color to your life with "tradition" and "craftsmanship".





bottom of page